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Fertility Treatments

Fertility Treatments

Infertility means inability to conceive a child. Infertility is primarily grouped into 02 categories:

  • Primary Infertility: This refers to couples unable to conceive even after 01 year of unprotected sex
  • Secondary Infertility: This refers to couples who have conceived atleast once earlier but are unable to conceive agains

Female infertility may occur when:

  • A fertilized egg or embryo does not survive once it sticks to the lining of the womb (uterus)
  • The fertilized egg does not attach to the lining of the uterus
  • The eggs cannot move from the ovaries to the womb
  • The ovaries have problems producing eggs

Male infertility may be due to:

  • A decrease in sperm count
  • Sperm being blocked from being released
  • Sperm that do not work properly

Infertility testing involves a complete medical history and physical examination of both partners. Blood and imaging tests will be done.

In women, this may include:

  • Blood tests to check hormone levels, including progesterone and follicle stimulating hormone
  • Checking body temperature first thing in the morning to check if the ovaries are releasing eggs
  • FSH and clomid challenge test
  • Hysterosalpingography (HSG)
  • Pelvic ultrasound
  • Laparoscopy
  • Luteinizing hormone urine test (ovulation prediction)
  • Thyroid function tests

Tests in men may include:

  • Sperm testing
  • Testicular biopsy (rarely done)

Treatment depends on the cause of infertility. It may involve:

  • Education and counseling
  • Fertility treatments such as intrauterine insemination (IUI) and in vitro fertilization (IVF)
  • Medicines to treat infections and clotting disorders
  • Medicines that help the woman grow and release eggs from the ovaries​

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