General Surgery is a surgical specialty that focuses on abdominal contents including esophagus, stomach, small bowel, colon, liver, pancreas, gallbladder and bile ducts, and often the thyroid gland (depending on the availability of head and neck surgery specialists). They also deal with diseases involving the skin, breast, soft tissue and hernias.
The major concerns dealt with under general surgery include:
Abdomen and its contents
Breast, skin, and soft tissue
Head and neck, including trauma, vascular, endocrine, congenital and oncologic disorders — particularly tumors of the skin, salivary glands, thyroid, parathyroid, and the oral cavity.
Vascular system, excluding the intracranial vessels and heart.
Endocrine system, including thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal and endocrine pancreas.
Surgical oncology, including coordinated multimodality management of the cancer patient by screening, surveillance, surgical adjunctive therapy, rehabilitation, and follow-up.
Comprehensive management of trauma, including musculoskeletal, hand, and head injuries. The responsibility for all phases of care of the injured patient is an essential component of general surgery.
Complete care of critically ill patients with underlying surgical conditions, in the emergency room, intensive care unit and trauma/burn units.